The name of Mayhew and the Vineyard are almost synonymous, and it will be interesting as well as instructive to learn something of the family which exercised such a sway over the early destinies of our island. The origin of the name is explained satisfactorily by a learned historical scholar of England, himself a descendant, and the following extracts are made from his account:-
As an English family name it is most frequently met with in the South and West of this island, and few parish registers in the Counties of Hereford, Gloucester, Wilts and Dorset can be opened without presenting us with examples. It is spelt in many ways, varying from the extended form of Mayhowe to that of Mao, and often, as it will frequently appear, clipped down and reduced to May to the loss of its concluding syllable. [As an example of the loss of the final syllable, the following may be noted: Walter Mayo vel Meye admissus in Artibus 26 June 1511, (Gough Mss. 7, Bod. Lib.); the will of Robert Mayo of Broughton Gifford 16 Nov. 1572, in the Prerogative Court, though his family name was usually written May, as in the Wiltshire visitations, the will of Henry Mayo alias May, of Kellways, Wilts, 1661.] One lesson is taught by the diversity and variety, viz:-the identity of Mayhew and Mayo, and from this consideration a ray of light is thrown upon the derivation of the name. An early occurrence of the name, and in its extended form, is found in Glover's Roll of Arms, supposed by Sir Harris Nicholas to date from between 1245 and 1250. Herbert le Fitz Mayhewe is there mentioned as bearing "party d'azur & de goulz one trots leonseaux rampant d'or," and Woodward in his History of Wales, page 415, narrates that account to the old copy of S. Davids Annals. The Welsh slew Sir Herbert Fitz-Mahu apparently in 1246, near the castle of Morgan Cam. The same Roll of Arms gives the clue to the origin of the name as a Christian name; in the case of Mahewe de Lovayne, Mayhew de Columbers and Maheu de Redmain. There can be little doubt that it is here a softened form of Matthew. Bardsley in his "English Surnames" mentioned two other instances, Adam fil. Maheu, and Mayhew de Basingbourne, from the Parliamentary Writs. Lower, (Patronymica Brittannica, 219, 221,) takes the same view.
Shakespeare in King "Lear" Act III, scene 4, says:
"The Prince of Darkness is a Gentleman
Modo he's called and Mahu."
The family has its principal habitats in Cornwall, at Lostwithiel, Looe, Bray and Morval, to which belonged John Mayow, Fellow of All Souls, Oxford, and that Mayow of Clevyan, in St. Columb Major, who was hanged on a tavern sign-post as a rebel against the injunctions of Edward VI, concerning religion. Dorsetshire has one family in the Visitation; Gloucestershire, at Kempley, Tetbury, Charfield; Herefordshire, at Tottenham; Northamptonshire, at Holmden, in the Visitation of 1619; Norfolk, at Billockby and Clippesby; Suffolk at Clopton, Helmington and Bedingfield, and in Wiltshire more than one family of the name are found including Mayhew of Dinton in the Visitations of 1565 and 1623, whose pedigree is here inserted.
Of noted persons of the name is Richard Mayo, otherwise Mayeo, Maiewe, Mayhue, etc., who was born near Hungerford, educated at Winchester, became a fellow of New College in 1459; after passing through the lower orders he became Chancellor of Oxford, 1503, and Bishop of Hereford in 1504. He died in April, 1516. [Genealogical Account of the Mayo and Elton Families by Rev. Canon Mayo, vicar of Long Burton, Dorset. London, 1882.]
In the Records of the Commissioners for the United Colonies, there appeared a letter, now in the Connecticut Archives,  Conn. Col. Records, 1678-1689. pp. 504 - 506.] written by Governor Mayhew, sealed with arms which, upon examination, proved to be the arms, with a mullet for difference, of the Mayhew family of Dinton, Wiltshire, a county family of considerable distinction. These facts, taken in connection with the bestowal by Mayhew of the names of Tisbury and Chilmark on two adjoining towns on Martha's Vineyard, (the latter settlement having been originally chartered as Tisbury Manor), and the fact that Tisbury and Chilmark are adjoining parishes in Wiltshire, and separated by a few miles only from Dinton, made it quite evident that this locality was the one which should reveal his family connection.
In April, 1898, the author, during a visit to England, was a guest by previous appointment of the Vicar of Tisbury, the Rev. F. E. Hutchinson, who is of the same stock as one family of the New England Hutchinsons. He spent two days at the vicarage and had ample time to make a thorough examination of the old parish registers of Tisbury, which are extant from the year 1563, including the original and a parchment copy of almost contemporary date. Below extracts from the parish register are given, which include all of the name of Mayhew in its several variations, as well as some relating to persons connected with the family by marriage mentioned in wills, to be hereafter given, during the period necessary for our purpose.
EXTRACTS FROM THE PARISH REGISTER OF TISBURY, CO. WILTS.
1583 Sept. 13, Henry, son of ...... Maoh.
1589 May 1, Elizabeth, daughter of Matthew Maho.
1591 Jan'y 17, John, son of Matthew Mayoo.
1593 April 1, THOMAS, SON of MATHEW MAHO.
1595-6 Feb. 8, Jone, daughter of Mathew Mayhoe.
1598 Dec. 18, Alice, daughter of Mathew Maiho.
1599/1600 Mar. 15, Katherine, daughter of Mathew Maio.
1602 April 14, Edward, son of Mathew Mayhow.
1573 Nov. 24, Myhell May and Jone Vanner.
15 75 April 21, Thomas (Maow ?) and Alyce (Waterman ?)
1578 Nov. 23, An Maio and Thomas Turner.
1579 Aug. 3, An Maio and John Waterman.
1587 Octo. 2, MATHEW MAOW and ALES BARTER.
1586 July 14, Ales wyffe of Thomas Maow.
1590 June 1, Thomas Maow.
The marriage above indicated by capitals is that of the parents of Gov. Thomas Mayhew, and his baptism is likewise printed in the same type. Attention need scarcely be drawn to the various ways the name is entered in the register. In the baptisms given, eight in all, there are seven different spellings. This entry of the baptism of Thomas, son of Mathew Maho, April 1st 1593, probably within a few days of his birth, is not absolutely conclusive evidence of identity with our Thomas, but taken in connection with the facts relating to the reappearance on Martha's Vineyard of the names of Tisbury Manor (which is situated in the parish of Tisbury, England,) and Chilmark the adjoining hamlet, and the name of Matthew, which for succeeding generations appeared in the Martha's Vineyard family, it becomes one of those cases where an affirmative conclusion is clearly inferential.
Corroborative evidence is also available in respect to Governor Mayhew's age, which corresponds approximately with the record of this baptism. The double dating of that period from January 1 to March 25, enters the problem to give it some slight complications, but as he was born near the dividing line between the new and the old years 1592 and 1593, his several statements regarding the great number of years he attained (evidently a source of pride to him) lead us readily to conclude that with the proneness which he exhibited to reiterate his longevity, he unintentionally adopted 1592 as his birth year, when it was in reality 1593, and that a further source of error lies in the confusion which may result from such general statements as that he was eighty-seven years of age, or in his "87th yeare hallf out." The following are all the references regarding his age which have been thus far observed, and it will be noticed that the first one, before he had grown to riper years and indulged the pardonable satisfaction at attaining great age, is the only correct one as compared to the date of baptism. It bears out the theory that he unconsciously overstated his age as he grew older.
1. On Sept. 15, 1664, he wrote, "I am 71 and 5 monthes at present.'' [Mass. Hist. Coll., 4th series, vol. 7, p. 40.] This would carry his birth back to about 2-15-1593. [Within one month prior to April 15, 1593, which agrees with the baptism.]
2. On 24 (6), 1678, he wrote, "It hath pleased God to keepe me alyve and verry well, to write thus much in my 87th yeare hallf out." [Plymouth Colony Records, vol. 10, p. 406.] This would carry his birth back to about 12-24-1591. [Feb. 24, 1591-2.]
3. In his will dated June 16, 1681, he began: "I, Thomas Mayhew of Edgartown upon the Vineyard in this ninetieth year of my age." This would carry his birth back to some time between June 17, 1591, and June 16, 1592.
4. On April 13, 1682, Matthew Mayhew, his grandson, announced to Gov. Thomas Hinckley of Plymouth the death of his grandfather as follows: "It pleased God of his great goodness as to continue my honoured grandfather's life to a great age (wanting but six days of ninety years), so to give the comfort of his life, and to ours as well as his comfort, in his sickness (which was six days)." [Mass. Hist. Coll., 4th series, vol. 5, p. 61.]
Previously to the author's visit to Tisbury a personal search of the Wiltshire wills deposited at Somerset House relating to the Archdeaconry of Sarum, in which the parishes of Tisbury, Chilmark and Dinton are situated, was made. There was found, among others of the family, the wills of Matthew Mayhew, the father of Thomas, and of Agnes Mayhew, an aunt of Thomas, in both of which documents his name occurs as a beneficiary. The full copy of the will of Matthew is here presented:-
PRINCIPAL REGISTRY OF PROBATE (WILTSHIRE), ARCHDEACONRY OF SARUM, VIII, 224.
In the name of God Amen. I Mathew Maihew of Tisbury,, in the county of Wilts yeoman being in good health and of perfect memory (thankes bee to god for it) doe make constitute and ordeine this my last will and testamens in manner and form following First I bequeath my soule into the handes of Almighty God my maker and redeemer and my body to bee buried in the Church or Churchyard of Tisbury aforesaid. Itm I give and bequeath to the prish Church of Tisbury iiis via. Itm I give and bequeath to the poore people of the aforesaid Tisbury ifs iiiid. Itm I give and bequeath to my sonne Thomas Maihew Forty pounds of good and lawfull monie of England whereof twenty pounds to bee paid him by my Executor wthin one whole yeare after my decease and the other twenty pounds to bee paid by my Executor wthin five years after the payment of the first twenty pounds in manner and forme following viz: fower pounds evy year until the sume of twenty pounds bee paid and the five yeares expired Itm I give and bequeath unto my sonne Edward Maihew six and forty pounds of good and lawfull monie of F,ngland whereof six and twenty to bee paid him by my executor wthin one whole yeare after my decease and the other twenty pounds to bee paid unto him by my executor after the same manner and at the same times wch are prscribed for the payment of the last twenty pounds of my sonne Thomas his portion Itm I give and bequeath unto my daughter Joane Maihewe six and forty pounds of good and lawfull monie of England whereof six and twenty pounds to bee paid wthin one whole yeare after my decease and the other twenty pounds to bee paid after the same manner and at the same times wch are prescribed for the last payment of my sonne Thomas his portion Itm I give and bequeath unto my daughter Alice Maihew six and forty pounds of good and lawfull monie of England to be paid unto her by my executor after such manner and at such times as my daughter Joane Maihewes portion is to be paid Itm I give and bequeath unto my daughter Katherine Maihew six and forty pounds to bee paid unto her by my executor after the same manner and at the same times wch are prscribed for the payment of my other two daughters portions All the rest of my goods and chattels moveable and unmovable I give and bequeath unto my sonne John Maihew whom I make my whole and sole executor of this my last will and testamt Itm I doe constitute and appointe John Bracher of Tisbury Edward Bracher of Tisbury Richard Langly of Boreham and John Gilbert of Deny Sutton ovrseers of this my last will and testament. In witnes whereof I have hereunto subscribed my hande the last day of August in the year of our Lord 1612
THE MARKE OF MATHEWE MAIHEWE
In the prnce of
Memorand. That if my sonne Thomas Maihewe Edward Maihewe Joane Maihewe Alice Maihewe Katherine Maihewe or any one of them doe chaunce to dye before they have receaved theire portions then my will is that the portions of the parties deceased shall equally bee divided amongst the rest then liveing
Proved 27th June 1614
The will of Agnes Mayhew of Tisbury, dated Jan. 12, 1606, gives to "Thomas the son of my brother Matthew, five pounds," and it was proved June 24, 1612 (Arch. Sarum, VIII, I 68).
With respect to the connection of this Tisbury twig with the armorial family of Dinton, it is to be observed that Matthew describes himself as "yeoman," which may not disqualify him as a cadet scion of the armigerous family, particularly in view of the fact that Governor Mayhew, his son, used a seal, which he must have obtained in England, cut with the arms of the Dinton family, and having as a mark of difference the mullet, indicating that he was descended from the third son of the armorial grantee. [Many years ago there was issued by the late Jonathan Mayhew of Buffalo N. Y., a pictorial "family tree" which has, erroneously, depicted on it the coat armor of the Mayhews of Hemingston, Suffolk.] The tabular pedigree which appears herewith, showing the Dinton family as given in the Harleian manuscripts and in Hoare's Wiltshire, to which have been added some facts obtained from wills and other original sources, fails to afford us any information concerning the descendants of Thomas, the third son of Robert Mayhew, and the author strongly suspects that it is to him, whose Christian name Governor Mayhew bore, we must look for an extension of the pedigree. The laws of primogeniture, which existed at that period, and which were so carefully observed by the heralds, afforded little consideration for cadet branches of county families, and we are at present reduced to conjecture as to the relationship of Matthew to the Dinton stock, a conclusion which seems reasonable to be made in the affirmative from all the collateral facts. It is to be observed that the name of Simon Mayhew, which appears at the head of the tabular pedigree, was used by the Martha's Vineyard family as early as 1687, which may be classed as additional corroborative testimony. Unfortunately the parish registers of Chilmark are missing prior to 1653, and although Bishops' transcripts exist in the Diocesan Registry at the Salisbury Cathedral, "Our Lady Church of Sarum," they contain no Mayhew entries.[The Dinton Parish Registers are extant from 1558, but contain no entries which throw light on Thomas, the third son of Robert.] A branch of the Dinton family, represented by Walter, the fourth son of Robert of Dinton, lived in Chilmark, which is the next parish to Tisbury and nearer Dinton. Walter Mayhew "de Chilmark, gentleman" made his will Aug. 30, 1604, which was proven Dec. 24, 1606, and in it he makes a bequest to the poor of Fountell (Fonthill) where his elder brother Edward resided. [The adjoining parish of Chilmark, disclosed some early Macy stones in the churchyard. It will be remembered that Thomas Macy of Nantucket, who is said to have been of Chilmark, referred to Thomas Mayhew of Martha's Vineyard as "my honored cousin" (N. Y. Col. MSS., Vol. XXV), and while searching for Mayhew wills, I accidentally found the will of Thomas Maycie of Chilmark, dated 1575, which may serve as the basis of some future investigations concerning that well-known family, whose emigrant ancestor first settled in Salisbury, Massachusetts.] No references to Tisbury or relatives outside of his family appear (Arch Sarum, Rotula XV). John Mayhew of Dinton, however, the eldest son of that generation, in his will dated Sept. 20, 1562, bequeaths a small sum "to the Church of Tisbury," besides to his own church and the Cathedral at Salisbury (Arch. Sarum. IV, 165), which may be taken as showing some interest or connection with that parish.
All the evidence adduced, by inference and exclusion, seems to favor the Tisbury family as the one to which Governor Mayhew belongs, and that the Tisbury branch belongs to the Dinton stock seems equally presumptive. The line of Matthew's parentage probably sprung off before the Dinton stock had their pedigree registered in 1565, and it is also fair to presume that Simon, who heads it, had more than one son. With the exception of Matthew many of the names of sons in the Tisbury and Dinton families are nearly identical, John, Thomas, Henry, Edward. [The Mayhews of Dinton were Roman Catholics, and according to a recent authority, had in those days suffered for their attachment to that faith. An Edward born at Dinton, 1570, became a Benedictine monk, and with his brother Henry was admitted to the English College at Douay in 1583, and later they matriculated at the English College, Rome, 1590 (Stephen, Dict. Nat. Biog. Art. Maihew). He died in 1625. It is probable that he was the son of Henry, and was baptized at Dinton, Nov. 12, 1571. In those days of religious ostracism and persecution, when the Puritan movement was growing in strength, it is possible that the branch to which Governor Mayhew belonged became Protestant, and thus lost association with and recognition by the parent stock.]
In the Mayow arms sea mews are engraved for the birds, which in the authorities quoted are given as "birds." It will be noticed that the arms described on the tabular pedigree have a crescent for difference, indicating their use at the time of the visitation (1565) by a second son, probably Edward, son of Robert. Thomas, the younger brother, would have used the mullet for difference. The use of the mullet by Gov. Thomas Mayhew, indicating his descent from a third son of the Mayow family of Dinton, taken with the other evidence presented, leads to the belief that the Thomas who was buried at Tisbury in 1590, was father of Matthew, grandfather of Gov. Thomas, and son of Robert. [This account of the Tisbury family is condensed from an article in the Genealogical Advertiser, prepared by the author for that publication. (Vol. IV, pp. 1-8.)]
It now remains to turn to the maternal ancestry of Governor Mayhew, the Barters of Wiltshire, of whom Alice, as we have seen, married Matthew Maow in 1587. While the author cannot with equal satisfaction designate beyond doubt the particular branch to which she belonged, yet the following wills indicate her probable parentage and the tabular pedigree illustrates it:-
The will of James Barter of Fovent, Wilts, is dated Sept. 1, 1565, and in it he mentions among-others his eldest son Edward and his daughter (in law) Edith, wife of Edward. (Arch. Sarum, P. C. C., IV, 210.)
The will of Edward Barter, his son, of Haxton, Wilts, of the parish of Fydleton, is dated Oct. 6, 1574, and mentions among others, his wife Edith and his daughter Alice. (Arch. Sarum, P. C. C., V, 231.)
The will of Edith Barter, widow, of the same parish, is dated Aug. 9, 1576, and mentions among others her daughter Alice to whom she gave "halfe an aker of wheat and half an aker of barley my best cowlett, my white pety coat, my kercher, my canvas apron a platter and porringer" (Arch. Sarum, P. C. C., V, 273.)
As this Alice was the only one found by the author in his searches among Wiltshire wills, and as the name of Edward was bestowed on the third son of Matthew and Alice, presumably in honor of her father, as Thomas had been given in memory of his father, this origin of Alice Barter, the mother of Thomas Mayhew, is offered as the probable solution of the question of her ancestry.
Of the childhood, education, and early business training of Thomas Mayhew of Tisbury, nothing definite has come to the knowledge of the author. It is presumed that he lived in Tisbury during his youth, and was educated in the parish school under the care of his parents. When his father died, he was twenty-one years of age, and it is certain that this event placed upon him the necessity of individual responsibility for the future. We know that he became a merchant, but where he served his apprenticeship is unknown. Daniel Gookin, who knew him personally, says he was "a merchant bred in England, as I take it at Southampton." This seaport town was, in that period, one of the most important commercial centres in England, ranking with Bristol as secondary to the great port of London. Like all merchants of the maritime ports, he naturally became cognizant of and interested in foreign trade, and as the colonization ventures of the established mercantile companies began to develop, he must have learned of the possibilities of profitable traffic beyond seas. Among the great merchants of London, Mr. Matthew Cradock was an early adventurer in this line of business, and was among the first to support the companies engaged in the colonization of New England. In the course of business it is to be supposed that every suburban merchant in England went to London often to have dealings with the large wholesale houses in the capital, and in that way we may suppose Mayhew became known to Cradock and thus laid the foundation of their business relations in later years. In 1625, at the accession of Charles the First, Thomas Mayhew was thirty-two years of age and had been engaged in business for himself in all probability for about a dozen years, since the death of his father. During that period he had married, about 1619, and family traditions and a record of some antiquity brings down to us the name of the bride of his youth as Abigail Parkus. [This is from a memorandum, genealogical in its character, prepared by Deacon William Mayhew, of Edgartown, who was born in 1748, and was thus within the sphere of close personal knowledge of his immediate ancestors. He was ten years old when Experience Mayhew, the great family exponent, died (1758), and Experience was about the same age when the old governor died, thus but one life spanned the gap between Thomas Senior and Deacon William. The memorandum was preserved by the Deacon's son, Thomas, and was in existence in 1854.] Further particularization has been given to this tradition by making her a daughter of that Parkhurst family, of which George Parkhurst of Watertown, Mass., 1643, was the first New England representative. George was the son of John Parkhurst of Ipswich, England, a clothier, and his sisters, Deborah and Elizabeth, came to this country with him, and were later residents of the Vineyard, the former as wife of John Smith and the latter of Joseph Merry. So far no documentary or recorded confirmation of his marriage has come to light, and some considerable search has been made to find the probable place where the marriage took place, but without avail. The tradition is given for what it is worth.
The fruit of this first marriage of Thomas Mayhew was a son who was christened by the name of his father, about 1618, and living to man's estate became the famous missionary to our Indians on the Vineyard. [The author has made extensive searches in all published parish registers of English churches and similar books, for any clue to his baptism or any reference to Thomas Mayhew. The following items are here printed, and may be of some value. Thomas Mayhowe, bapt. Aug. 20, 1617, at St. Martins in the Fields, London. The will of Mildred Reade of Linkenhurst, Co. Hants, widow, dated Aug. 15, 1630, mentions her nephew "Thomas Mayhew the younger."] No other children are known, nor when and where the mother died. We are at present left to conjecture as to the whereabouts of the father, as well as his family, and not until 1628 do we find a further possible reference to him. The Company of the Massachusetts Bay were then actively promoting their new settlements at Salem and vicinity, and sending supplies thither. Their records at this time contain the following entry, showing that Thomas Mayhew was then engaged in mercantile pursuits:-
16 MARCH 1628.
Bespoke of Mr. Maio at 10 1/2 p yrd for beds & boulsters 20 bed tikes, Scotch Tikeing 3/4 broad & 2 1/16 long & 1 1/2 yrds wide: 11 yrds each bed and boulster. [Mass. Col. Records, I, 35.]
In two years more Mayhew had determined to follow to the New England the "beds & boulsters" and "bed tikes" he had sold for the emigrants to the latest English colony.
The chapter devoted to "The English Family of Mayhew" (Vol. I, pp. 104-116) comprises all that was known by the author at the time of its compilation but several things of material importance have since been discovered to be added to its conclusions. During two recent visits to England the compiler found evidence of the residence of the Governor's ancestors in Tisbury as early as 1520 indicating settlement there at a probable earlier date. Thomas3 Mayhew, who is considered the grandfather of Gov. Thomas5 , was taxed for "goods", as of the Tithing of Tisbury, in 1540. (Sub. Roll 197/184.) In a deposition dated 30&SHY;31 Elizabeth (1589) this Thomas3 Mayhew deposed at the age of 80 years to events and persons known to him in that parish for the past 63 years and more. This places his birth in 1509, his knowledge of events back to 1517 and it is probable that he was born in Tisbury.
THOMAS3 MAYHEW (Robert2, Simon1), third son of a Robert of Dinton, b. abt. 1509, called "yeoman", is the putative father of Matthew 4 of Tisbury and doubtless came to be a resident of the latter named parish through the marriage of his father Roberts 2 with Joan Bridmore of Tisbury. It is probable that he inherited her estate there while the eldest son and heir retained possession of the Mayhew property in Dinton. He was buried in 1590 at Tisbury. His wife Alice predeceased him in 1586.
MATTHEW4 MAYHEW (Thomas,3 Robert,2 Simon1), b. abt. 1550, resided in the parish of T., and is described in his will as a "yeoman" by which term is meant to be conveyed, legally speaking, a freeholder next under the rank of "gentleman"; for being descended from the line of a third son of an established family he had not the quality that then attached to the eldest branch. Nevertheless he was a man of substance and left to his heirs an estate valued at about seven thousand dollars in cash, besides his real property, as estimated by our present standards. He was buried 26 Feb. 1613&SHY;14 at T. His marriage to ALICE BARTER 2 Oct.1587 is on record at T. and by her he had the following named children:
10. ELIZABETH, bapt. 1 May 1589; m. JOHN GILBERT of Denny Sutton 18 Mch.1612.
11. JOHN, bapt. 17 Jan. 1591.
12. THOMAS, bapt. 1 Apr. 1593.
13. JOAN, bapt. 8 Feb. 1595&SHY;6.
14. ALICE, bapt. 16 Dec. 1598; m. THOMAS PALMER 17 June 1622.
15. KATHERINE, bapt. 15 Mch. 1599-1600.
16. EDWARD, bapt. 24 April 1602.
12. THOMAS5 MAYHEW (Matthew4), bapt.
1 Apr. 1593 at Tisbury, Eng., is the Governor, first of the name in this
country, whose personal history has been sufficiently detailed in the two
preceding volumes. The name of his first wife is not known nor has any clue
to the date and place of the marriage been found. Neither is it known when
or where she died. He m. (2) Mrs. JANE (Gallion?)* PAINE, wid. of Mr. Thomas
Paine, a London merchant, abt. 1634 (Vol. II, p. 90, Annals of E.). [*The
name Gallion, if it be correctly given, is very rare in England. Galland
is found in Green's Norton where the Paines owned property, and Gallyon
in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire.] She was living 15 May 1666, but died before
her husband. In London the compiler found references to a Gallion family,
to which she may have belonged, and he has many other English notes relative
to the Mayhews which he hopes to follow up in the future.
Some interesting additional facts have also been discovered by the compiler respecting the early life of Gov. Mayhew. It will be recalled (Vol. I, p. 114) that a contemporary writer states that the Governor was "a merchant bred in England, as I take it, at Southampton."
During a recent visit of the compiler to England confirmation of this was obtained which shows that this statement is correct. The following is verbatim copy of a record in the "Book of Free Commoners" belonging to the corporation of Southampton:
"Nono die ffebr' 1620 (i.e. 1621) Thomas Mayhew late servant and apprntiee unto Richard Masey of the Towne and countie of Southampton mrcer havinge well and truely served his spprntiship with his said mr whoe beinge prsent testified to the same And he the said Thomas Mayhewe (desieringe to be admitted a free commoner of the said Towne to use his trade of a mrcer in this said Towne and his said mr likewise desieringe the same) was therefore this prsent daie admitted and sworren a free commoner accordingly."
An interesting and important statement is therein found which recalls the statement of Thomas Macey of Nantucket (who is said to have emigrated from Chilmark, co. Wilts), that Governor Thomas Mayhew was his "honored cousin" (N. Y. Col. Mss., Vol. 25) and here is found documentary evidence that Thomas Mayhew was an apprentice of Richard Macey, a Southampton merchant. Richard Macey, his master, was a native of Chilmark and in his will of 20 Nov. 1633 he provided for his burial in that parish (Arch. Sarum X. 30). Undoubtededly further search would reveal the exact relationship of this Richard to Thomas Macey, the emigrant, and thus show the kinship between the families of Mayhew and Macey.
Governor Mayhew had the following named children:
By First Wife:
20. THOMAS, b. (1620&SHY;1).
By Second Wife:
21. HANNAH, b.15 June 1635; m. (1) THOMAS DAGGETT (3); (2) SAMUEL SMITH.
22. BETHIAH, b.6 Dec. 1636; m. (l) THOMAS HARLOCK; (2) RICHARD WAY 1675.
23. MARY, b.14 Jan. 1639&SHY;40; Prob. d.y.
24. MARTHA, b. (1642); m. THOMAS TUPPER 27 Dec. 1661. [*From this marriage was descendant the late Sir Charles Tupper, prime minister of Canada.]
20. THOMAS6 MAYHEW , (Thomas,5 Matthew4), b. 1620&SHY;1 in England; came to N. E. in 1631 and res. at Medford and Watertown until his removal to the Vineyard in 1642. All the known details of his life have been related in previous volumes (I, pp. 127&SHY;30 et. seq.) and nothing further has since been discovered. He m. JANE, dau. of Thomas and Jane (Gallion?) PAINE, his step&SHY;mother's daughter, who was b. abt. 1625. He d. at sea in 1657 as previously related and his wid. m. (2) RICHARD SARSON.
30. MATTHEW, b. 1648.
31. THOMAS, b. 1650.
32. JOHN, b. 1652.
33. JERUSHA, b. (1664); m. (I) Joseph WING 12 Apr. 1682; (2) THOMAS EATON of Shrewsbury, N. J. 34. JEDIDAH, b. (1656); m. BENJAMIN SMITH (318).
35. (_____)* b. (_____), d.y. [*The name of Abiah is given to this child in family records. Gov. Mayhew in a letter in 1658 refers to "my daughter and her six children."]
30. MATTHEW7 MAYHEW , (Thomas,6 Thomas,5 Matthew4). For personal details of this well&SHY;known member of the family reference may be made to Vol. II, pp. 79&SHY;84, Annals of E. He m. MARY SKIFFE (7) who was b. 24 Mch. 1650 and d. 1 May 1690. He d. 19 May 1710 and adm. of his est. was granted 24 Aug. 1710. They had the following named children:
40. MATTHEW, b.29 Nov.1674.
41. PAINE, b. 31 Oct. 1677.
42. MARY, b. 25 May 1680; m. (l) Dr. THOMAS LITTLE; (2) JONATHAN BRYANT.
43. THOMAS, b. 5 May 1683. He was a "student of physicke" and res. in Plymouth. He d. 6 June 1707, unm.
44. BETHIAH, b. 5 Mch. 1686; m. WILLIAM CLARK of Plymouth 4 Sept. 1707 and d. 22 Feb. 1735.
31. THOMAS7 MAYHEW , (Thomas,6 Thomas,5 Matthew4). A biographical sketch of him appears in Vol. II (Annals of C. pp. 35&SHY;6) to which reference is made for particulars of his life. He m. SARAH SKIFFE, (5) elder sister of the wife of his brother Matthew, b. 12 Oct. 1646 and d. 30 Dec. 1740, nearly 95 years of age. He d. 21 July 1715 and his will 13 July was pro. 11 Oct. of that year. They had the following named children:
50. ABIAH, b. (_____); m. WILLIAM TILTON (9).
51. SARAH, b. (_____); m. JOHN TILTON (10).
52. PEREZ, b. (_____); d. bef. 1715.
53. BATHSHEBA, b. (1680); m. JOSIAH TILTON (12).
54. ZACCHEUS, b. 1684.
55. ZEPHANIAH, b. 1686.
32. JOHN MAYHEW , (Thomas,6 Thomas,5 Matthew4). This is the well&SHY;known clergyman of T. and C. and a short sketch of his career may be read in Vol. II, pp. 32 Annals of C. He was b. 1652 and d. at the early age of 37 on Feb. 2, 1688&SHY;9. [He is buried at the West Tisbury Village Cemetery.] He m. ELIZABETH, dau. of Emanuel and Elizabeth (Parkhurst), HILLIARD of Hampton, N. H., who was b. 22 Jan. 1654&SHY;5 and d. 1746. She came to the Vineyard as stepdaughter of Joseph Merry of West T. They had the following children:
60. EXPERIENCE, b. 5 Feb. 1673.
61. JOHN, b. 1675.
62. ELIZABETH, b. (1677); m. (1) JACOB CLIFFORD (30); (2) ICHABOD ALLEN (14).
63. BENJAMIN, b. 11 Sept. 1679.
64. DEBORAH, b. 1681; m. EBENEZER NORTON (54) 18 Nov. 1715.
65. RUTH, b. (_____); d.y.
66. RUHAMAH, b. 10 June 1685; d. 1781, unm.
67. SIMON, b. 25 July 1687.
40. MATTHEW8 MAYHEW , (Matthew,7 Thomas,6 Thomas,5 Matthew4), b. 29 Nov. 1674; res. E., farmer. He m. ANNA NEWCOMB (27), who was b. abt. 1677 and d. 16 Apr. 1743. He d. 20 Apr. 1720 and his est. was adm. 5 July following. They had the following children:
70. MICAJAH, b. (1697).
71. MATTHEW, b. 1699; d. 1714.
72. ELIJAH, b. (_____); res. C., tailor; m. EUNICE NORTON (93) 11 June 1729 and had Anna, b. 1730 and Constant, b. 29 Nov. 1731. The father d. 20 Dec. 1734.
73. FORTUNATUS, b. (_____); res. E., mariner and pilot. He d. between 1756&SHY;8; prob. unm.
74. THOMAS, b. (_____).
75. ANNA, b. 1710; m. WILLIAM BASSETT (36).
76. MARY, b. 1714; m. BERIAH TILTON (23) 12 Dec. 1728.
41. PAINE8 MAYHEW , (Matthew,7 Thomas,6 Thomas,5 Matthew4), b. 31 Oct. 1677, res. C., lawyer and judge. He was the leading citizen of C. during his lifetime, being selectman for many years and Representative to General Court 1718&SHY;20; 1727&SHY;36. He was appointed justice of the Court of Common Pleas for this county in 1713, and held that office for nearly half a century. He was also one of the agents for Indian affairs on the Island. He m. MARY RANKIN, dau. of Andrew and Martha (Merry) Rankin of Boston 8 Dec. 1699. She was b. 1676 and d. 17 Feb. 1753. He d. 8 May 1761 and his will 6 May was pro. 11 Aug. of that year. They had the following children:
80. MARY, b.26 Sept.1700; m. JETHRO ATHEARN (18).
81. PAINE, b. 19 Jan. 1701&SHY;2.
82. MARTHA, b.20 Feb. 1705&SHY;6; m. SHUBAEL SMITH (337).
83. SARAH, b. 7 Aug. 1708; m. ABISHAI FOLGER 6 Nov.1727.
84. THOMAS, b. 23 April 1710.
85. BETHIAH, b. 31 Mch. 1712; m. (1) JACOB NORTON (71); (2) ISAAC CHASE (43).
86. HANNAH, b. 31 Mch. 1713&SHY;14; d.7 June 1715.
87. HANNAH, b. 12 Aug.1715; perh. m. BENJAMIN SEARLES.
88. MATTHEW, b. 15 May 1721.
54. ZACCHEUS8 MAYHEW , (Thomas,7-6-5 Matthew4), b. 1684, res. C., lawyer and farmer. He was appointed justice of the Court of Common Pleas for this county in 1718 and sat on the bench with his cousin Paine (41) for over 30 years. He was also interested in military affairs and was Colonel of the County Militia as early as 1713 and he held the same rank during the French and Indian Wars until his death, which occurred 3 Jan. 1760. He also acted as agent for the Indians of the Island for many years and held local offices in the town. He m. SUSANNA WADE of Ipswich (pub. 12 Sept. 1713) [*probably the daughter of Col. Thomas Wade of Ipswich.] She was b. 1692, and d. 23 May 1753. They had the following children:
90. SUSANNA, b. 5 Nov.1714; d.28 Aug.1734 (bur. Ipswich).
91. LUCY, b. 4 July 1716; m. (1) Dr. THOMAS LITTLE (30) 13 Nov. 1733; (2) JOSEPH EATON.
92. ELIZABETH, b. 1718; m. Rev. BELLAMY BOSWORTH of Bristol, R. I.15 Aug. 1745.
93. SARAH, b. Jan. 1719; m. (1) WILLIAM ALLEN (68) 13 Nov.1737; (2) SAMUEL PALMER, pub.3 Nov.1751.
94. NATHANIEL, b.1720; d.y.
95. ZACCHEHS, bapt. 1723.
96. THOMAS, b. 1725; d.1745.
97. ANNA, bapt. 1727; m. JOHN ALLEN (74).
98. MARTHA, bapt. 1729; m. (1) SYLVANUS PARKER of Falmouth; (2) Dr. THOMAS SMITH of Falmouth.
55. ZEPHANIAH8 MAYHEW , (Thomas,7-6-5 Matthew4),
b. 1686; res. C., farmer, yeoman; he m. BETHIAH WADSWORTH of Duxbury, March
1711, prob. dau. of Joseph and Abigail (Wait) Wadsworth of that town. He
d. 20 Nov. 1733, and his est. was divided 22 Dec. 1735. Inv. of est. £454-18&SHY;2.
They had the following named children:
100. ABIAH, b. 3 Mch.1711&SHY;12; m. BENJAMIN ALLEN (52).
101. ADONIJAH, b. 18 Oct.1713; d. 19 Mch.1713&SHY;14.
102. ZEPHANIAH, b. 28 June 1715.
103. JERUSHA, b.5 Apr. 1717; d.1793, unm.
104. JEDIDAH, b.18 Apr. 1719; m. URIAH TILTON (42).
105. MARY, b. 3 Apr. 1721 ; m. THOMAS JENNEY.
106. BETHIAH, b. 20 May 1723; d.y.
107. MERCY, b. 22 July 1725; m. ABEL CHASE (80).
60. EXPERIENCE MAYHEW , (John,7 Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), b. 5 Feb. 1673, res. C., clergyman. The life and services of this celebrated missionary to the Indians has been set forth at length in this history (Vol. I, pp. 249&SHY;254), and it will not be necessary to repeat the details of his public career. [*His published works include Massachusetts Psalter (Indian) 1709; Sermon (1724), Indian Converts (1727); Letter on the Lord's Supper (1741); Grace Defended (1744). He engaged in numerous theological controversies, one with Rev. Jonathan Dickinson, President of Princeton College, in 1743, during which he argued in favor of human liberty. He also wrote strictures on the conduct and preaching of Whitfield, exposing his errors and extravagances.] He m. (1) THANKFUL HINCKLEY, dau. of Gov. Thomas and Mary (Smith) Hinckley of Barnstable 12 Nov. 1695, who was b. 1671 and d. 27 Sept. 1706 [she is buried at West Tisbury Village Cemetery]; and (2) REMEMBER BOURNE, dau. of Shearjashub and Bathsheba (Skiffe) Bourne of Sandwich in 1711. She was b. in 1683 and d. 2 Mch. 1721&SHY;2. He d. 29 Nov. 1758 and his will 27 Mch. 1753 was pro. 2 Jan. 1759. He had the following named children:
By First Wife:
110. RELIANCE, b. 1696; m. ELIASHIB ADAMS (34).
111. SAMUEL, b. 1700; d. 25 July 1746.
112. MARY, b. (____); m. JOHN MCGEE of C.
By Second Wife:
114. NATHAN, b. 8 Oct. 1712; d. 14 Oct. 1733; grad. H. C.1731.
115. ABIGAIL, b. 6 May 1714; m. (1) JONATHAN ALLEN (25) 1733; (2) WILSON MARCH 1748.
116. EUNICE, b. 4 Apr. 1716; m. MOSES BELCHER (12) of Braintree.
117. ZACHARIAH, bapt. 14 May 1718.
118. JONATHAN, b. 8 Oct. 1720.
61. JOHN8 MAYHEW , (John,7 Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), b. 1676, res. C., farmer. He m. MEHITABLE HIGGINS, whose residence and parentage is unknown, but it is probable that she came from R.I. He d. 3 Mch. 1735&SHY;6. They had the following named children:
120. JOHN, b.1701.
121. THEOPHIDUS, b.1703 ; d. 25 April 1752 ; he m. (1) HANNAH FREEMAN Of Harwich 27 Nov.1742 at Boston; (2) SARAH MILTON (34) MAYHEW, wid. of Benjamin (134) by whom he had one child, Theophilus, b. 1752 (posthumous).
122. JEREMIAH, b.1705.
123. MEHITABLE, b.1707; d. 27 Mch. 1792, unm.
124. KEZIAH, b. Mch. 1708 ; m. (1) DANIEL BUTLER (607); (2) THOMAS ALLEN (54).
125. LYDIA, b. (1710) ; m. SAMUEL SMITH (62).
126. LOIS, b. (1712); m. SAMUEL HUNT (55).
127. ELIZABETH, b. (1715).
128. ZILPHA, b.30 Mch. 1718; m. JOSEPH TILTON (33).
63. BENJAMIN8 MAYHEW , (John,7 Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), b. 11 Sept. 1679; res. C., farmer. He m. HANNAH SKIFFE (34) 13 May 1704 and d. 30 Aug. 1717. His wid. m. (2) WILLIAM HUNT (30). They had the following named children:
130. JEMIMA, b.19 June 1707; m. THOMAS TILTON (31).
131. BATHSHEBA, b.11 June 1709; m. BENJAMIN LAMBERT (20).
132. HANNAH, b.14 Oct. 1711.
133. RUTH, b. 29 July 1714; m. JOSEPH TILTON (33).
134. BENJAMIN, b. 21 May 1717.
67. SIMON8 MAYHEW , (John,7 Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), b. 25 July 1687, res. C; farmer. He m. RUTH (Skiff?), whose family name and residence has not been discovered. He was for many years deacon of the church in C., and d. 5 Mch. 1753, His will 1 Aug. 1746 was pro. 27 May 1753. They h:ld the following named children:
140. JOSEPH, b. 26 Feb. 1709&SHY;10; d. 31 Mch. 1782, unm. He grad. at H. C. 1730 in the class with Chief Justice Peter Oliver and Hon. Stephen Minot. He was a leader of the patriots in the Revolutionary period.
141. TIMOTHY, b. 25 June 1711.
142. SAMUEL b. 10 Mch. 1712&SHY;13.
143. JANE, b. (_____); m. JOHN BASSETT (38).
144. SIMON, b. 16 Mch 1716; d.y.
145&SHY;146. Two children; d. in infancy.
147. SIMON, b. 20 Oct. 1719.
148. RUTH, b. 26 Dec. 1721; d. 17 Dec. 1815; Unm.
70. MICAJAH9 MAYHEW , (Matthew,8-7 Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), b. 1697, res. E., landowner, farmer. He represented the eldest male line of the Mayhew family, holding the entailed estate, and was the last one to assert his proprietary rights as hereditary Lord of the Manor of Tisbury. He d. 20 Dec. 1760, and there is little of further record of himself and none of his wife. No settlement of his est. is on file. They had the following named children:
150. MATTHEW, b. 6 July 1723.
151. ELIJAH, b. (1725), prob. rem. to Newbury, Mass. and m. EUNICE SARGENT of Gloueester, Mass. 14 June 1761. His son, Capt. Elijah Mayhew, Jr. m. SARAH GALLISHAM 23 July 1786 and d. at sea Dec. 1800, leaving three children.
74. THOMAS9 MAYHEW , (Matthew,8-7 Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), b. (_____); res. Plymouth, Mass., to which place he rem. bef. 1737. He became prominent in the affairs of that town and held the offices of Selectman, Justice of the Peace and Register of the Admiralty Court. He m. MARY WETHERELL, dau. of Thomas of Plymouth 8 July 1740, who was b. 1722, and d. 3 Sept. 1776. He d. 1784. They had the following named children:
160. MARY, b. 22 Apr. 1742; d. 1812, unm.
161. THOMAS, b. 9 Sept. 1744.
162. ANNA, b. 11 Dec. 1746; m. JOHN THOMAS, Jr., 1773.
163. ELIZABETH, b. 13 Feb. 1748; m. CHRISTOPHER MINOT.
164. WILLIAM, b. 28 Nov. 1751; d. 1752.
165. SARAH, b. 18 Jan. 1753; m. Capt. THOMAS NICHOLSON.
166. WILLIAM, b. 1 Aug. 1755; d.s.p.
167. BETTY, b.5 Mar. 1757.
168. LUCY, b. 30 July 1760; d.y.
81. PAINE9 MAYHEW , (Paine,8 Matthew,7 Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), b. 19 Jan. 1701&SHY;2; res. C., mariner. He m. DINAH NORTON (72) 1 Dec. 1724, and d. at sea 12 July 1731. His wid. m. (2) JETHRO ALLEN (60) 25 Mch. 1736. They had the following named children:
190. ELIZABETH, b.27 Nov.1725; m. JOSIAH TILTON (43).
191. REBECCA, b.27 May 1730; m MAYHEW ADAMS (40).
84. THOMAS9 MAYHEW , (Paine,8 Matthew,7 Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), b. 23 Apr. 1710, res. C., physician. He was sheriff of the county, being appointed 1735 and acted as Indian guardian in 1756. He m. LYDIA LOTHROP, dau. of Thomas and Mehitable (Sarson) Lothrop 27 July 1732. He d. 20 Oct. 1759. They had the following named children:
200. JEDIDAH, b.3 Mch. 1733; m. SAMUEL CHASE (100).
201. PAINE, b.16 Mch. 1734.
202. SARAH, b.18 Nov.1735; m. THOMAS LOTHROP (71).
203. ELEANOR, b.8 Dec. 1746.
204. THOMAS, b.24 Mch. 1750 (no further record).
88. MATTHEW9 MAYHEW , (Patne,8 Matthew,7 Thomas,6 Matthew5), b. 15 May 1721; res. C., physician. He m. MARY ALLEN (73) 3 Jan. 1744, who was b. 1727, and d. 2 July 1783. He m. (2) PHEBE _____ , who d. 25 Nov. 1788 aged 70 years, and he d. 10 Aug. 1805. The following named are his children:
By First Wife:
210. ABIJAH, b. 5 Apr. 1746; d. unm.
211. MARGARET, b. 9 Dec. 1747; m. (1) WILLIAM MAYHEW (251); (2) JEREMIAH MAYHEW (298).
212. MARY, b. 31 Mch. 1750; m. JOHN ALLEN (212).
213. MARTHA, b. 8 Sept. 1752; d. 1775, unm.
214. ELIZABETH, b. 30 June 1754; m. MARSHALL JENKINS (123).
215. MATTHEW, b. 1 Aug. 1756.
216. SARAH, b. 9 Dec. 1758; m. JONATHAN WORTH (63).
217. PARNELL, b. 23 May 1761; m. JONATHAN MAYHEW (253).
218. PRUDENCE, b.12 Apr. 1764; m. ZEBULON ALLEN (273).
219. ALLEN, b.18 June 1767.
220. CLARISSA, b. 8 Dec. 1770; m. TRISTRAM ALLEN (233).
221. REBECCA, b. 13 July 1774.
95. ZACCHEUS9 MAYHEW , (Zacchens,8 Thomas,7-6-5 Matthew4), bapt. 1723, res. C., farmer. He m. (1) REBECCA POPE, dau. of Capt. Lemuel and Elizabeth (Hunt) Pope of Dartmouth, Mass. who was b. 28 Dec. 1727, and d. 22 Nov. 1767; m. (2) ABIGAIL _____, of whom no particulars have been obtained. He d. July 1775, leaving the following named children:
230. SUSANNA, b. 21 June 1751; m. JETHRO ALLEN (192).
231. LUCY, b. 25 Apr. 1753; m. WILLIAM MAYHEW (351).
232. ELIZABETH, b. 9 Apr. 1755; m. LEMUEL JENKINS (121).
233. THOMAS WADE, b. 14 Mch. 1757.
234. ZACCHEUS, b. 19 Feb. 1759.
235. NATHANIEL, b. 16 Apr. 1761.
236. REBECCA, b.15 Aug. 1763; m. RUFUS DAVIS (126).
237. OLIVE, b. 1 Mch. 1766; m. DAVID DAVIS (122).
102. ZEPHANIAH9 MAYHEW , (Zephaniah,8 Thomas,7-6-5 Matthew4), b. 28 June 1715; res. C., rem. to Dartmouth, Mass. where he d. 1751. He m. HANNAH MAYHEW (132?) 23 Oct. 1735. They had the following named children:
240. ADONIJAH, b. 20 July 1736; no further record.
241. ZEPHANIAH, b. I9 Nov.1737; d.y. (1749).
242. LUCINDA, b. 16 Feb. 1738-9; m. CORNELIUS DUNHAM (183).
243. JEHOIDAH, bapt. 1740.
244. WADSWORTH, b. 27 Apr. 1741.
245. JERUSHA, b. 13 Dec. 1743.
246. ZEPHANIAH, b. 9 Feb. 1745.
247. THOMAS, b. 2 Mch. 1749.
117. ZACCHARIAH9 MAYHEW , (Experience,8 John,7 Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), bapt. 17 May 1718; res. C., clergyman. He was the well&SHY;known preacher to the Indians and the last of the "Missionary Mayhews". He m. Elizabeth Allen (69) 21 Nov. 1738, who was b. 1720, and d. 20 Mch. 1790. He d. 6 Mch. 1806. They had the following named children:
250. NATHAN, b. 18 May 1741.
251. WILLIAM, b. 7 July 1746.
252. ELIZABETH, b. 30 Jan. 1749; m. SAMUEL NORTON (160).
253. JONATHAN, b. 7 Jan. 1755.
254. ZACHARIAH, b. 28 Aug. 1757.
255. REBECCA, b. Dec. 1765; d.13 May 1886, umn.
118. JONATHAN9 MAYHEW , (Experience,8 John,7
Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), b. 8 Oct. 1720; res. C.; rem. to Boston, clergyman.
This celebrated divine was without question the most brilliant man of Vineyard
origin, who left his native Island to become, in the metropolis of N. E.,
one of the foremost figures in the social, religious and political circles
of pre&SHY;Revolutionary times. He was not only this, but no less a personage
than President John Adams called him "the transcendent genius"
of his day and his fame will endure and become more permanent as time goes
Of his early life on the Vineyard, in his native town of Chilmark, little is known, but it is said that his father intended him for a business career, having in view his own lean income after a long life spent in the ministry. This plan, however, did not materialize for the young man, showing studious habits early, with marked intellectual traits, and developing a religious temperament as he grew older, his father determined to send him to H. C. to follow in the footsteps of his older brother Nathan, who had been trained for the ministry, but had died only two years after graduation. [*It is said that the Rev. Experience sold some of his real estate to raise the money to furnish this collegiate course to the youngest son. It is prob. that Jonathan taught school between times to help defray his expenses.] While in college, according to one of this leters to his father when he was visiting in York, Me., during a religious revival, he expressed in decided language his disapproval of the extravagancies and fanaticism of the affair, an early indication of the independent tendencies of his mind. Indeed he had inherited the germs of liberality from his father, who had frequently engaged in theological controversies with the great preachers of his generation. After graduation in 1744, it is probable that he was engaged in tutoring at college until June 1747, when he accepted a call to become pastor of the West Church in Boston. His preaching and public speaking before this had been so broad in spirit, and so unconventional that he wrote to his father: "the clergy of the town stand aloof from me and I have to study hard." When he was ordained every clergyman in the city either refused to attend or found excuses to be absent from this important church function and only pastors from the country churches took part in the ceremony. His aged father gave the "charge" to the newly made minister. This treatment, due solely to his alleged unsoundness in theological dogmas even extended to personal relations, such was the bigotry of the day, and many of his city colleagues tried to ostracise him socially. He was also without membership in the Boston Association of Congregational Ministers because of his heterodoxy, but all this had no effect upon his standing in the community nor with the people of his parish who saw in the brilliant young preacher one of the notable intellects of the Boston pulpit. He was indeed pre&SHY;eminently the pioneer of liberal religious thought in New England and the founder of that division of the old Puritan church now classed as Unitarian and Universalists and which found early expression in the pulpit of the West Church through him and his several successors. [*He was the first clergyman in New England to openly and definitely oppose the scholastic dogma of the Trinity as well as to deny the "five points" of Calvinism. This not only took great moral courage but it required great forensic and disputative knowledge to maintain his position as he had pitted against him the brightest intellects of that period which had been called the golden era of ministerial influence in New England.] Nor did he limit the activities of his mind to religious teachings alone, but he entered into the public discussions of the problems of the day with even more zeal and directness than would be tolerated in the pulpit. The Colonies were then beginning to show their teeth to the British ministry and preparing to resist peacefully every continuance of tyrannical government, and to continue resistance by force if necessary. As early as 1750 he published a remarkable "Discourse on Charles the First and the Doctrine of Passive Obedience and Non Resistance". This sermon or essay was received in England with general approval by the clergy and people not connected with the established church or the Court and its doctrines laid the foundation for further resistance of our people to ministerial oppression in the Colonies. President Adams said of him: "Dr. Mayhew seemed to be raised up to revive all the animosity of the people against tyranny within Church and State and at the same time to destroy their bigotry, fanaticism and inconsistencies. This transcendent genius," he continues, "threw all the weight of his great fame into the scale of his country." Other public discourses were published in succeeding years, but his sermons regularly delivered at the weekly services were full of his reflections on the social and political tendencies of the times and kept alive the revolutionary spirit of the people. In 1763 he published his "Observations on the Conduct of the Society for Propagating the Gospel", a savage attack on the managers for what he believed to be their plan to divert the revenues of the Society from its original object to that of establishing bishoprics and a State Church in New England. Like its predecessor it created a profound impression and provoked bitter rejoinders. His published sermons had attracted such favorable notice in England among the clergy that he was given the honorary degree of Doctor of Divinity by the University of Aberdeen, Scotland, when he was but thirty years old, while his political addresses and published discourses gained the applause of the liberal statesmen of the Whig party of Great Britain and he kept up until his death a continued correspondence with both the leading clergymen and notable politicians of the mother country. Among the latter was Thomas Hollis, the wealthy and munificent merchant of London. In 1766, he published his "Discourse on the Repeal of the Stamp Act", which gained the approval of the great Whig minister, William Pitt, to whom it was dedicated, and this proved to be his last contribution to the burning questions of the times. Although tradition has brought down to us, and it is confirmed by the pencil of the artist, that he was a man of handsome and distinguished appearance, yet it appears he was either inherently not vigorous of body or that his activities in parish work and public speaking had undermined his constitution. After a journey to Vermont in June 1766 to attend a parish council, he returned to Boston exhausted and took to his bed, never again to rise. At the early age of 45 years and 9 months he died on July 8, 1766 "of a nervous fever, overplied by public energies", as stated in the legend beneath his portrait. The loss to his parish and to the community was marked by profound sorrow. Numerous "elegies" remain in print to mark the esteem of private and public friends in all walks of life both at home and abroad. He will be remembered as the great pulpit orator and patriot of his time who but a month before his death proposed a "communion of the Colonies" along the same line as that of "communion of the churches", (Letter to Hollis.). Robert Treat Paine, signer of the Declaration of Independence, said "he was the father of civil and religious liberty in Massachusetts and New England."
He married one of the most beautiful belles of her time. ELIZABETH CLARKE, dau. of Dr. John and Elizabeth (Breame) Clarke of Boston, a wealthy physician who lived in a famous mansion at the north end of Boston known as the Mayo&SHY;Clarke house. She was b. in 1733 and their marriage took place 2 Sept. 1756. She is described as not only beautiful in person but possessed of a character as attractive with all the desirable and lovable womanly attributes, and as the wife of the most popular clergyman of his time, she rivalled him in the admiration of his parishioners and other friends. Their portraits painted by the celebrated artist Copley, which were unfortunately destroyed in the great fire of Boston in 1872, bore out the contemporaneous opinions of the times as to the great beauty of the wife and the handsome features of the husband. The engraved portrait of Rev. Jonathan Mayhew which is the frontispiece of Vol. II of this work bears testimony to this general tradition of his clear&SHY;cut classic face. It was engraved in 1767, after his death, from the Copley portrait by the Italian artist Cipriani in folio size 10 x 13 inches at the request and expense of Thomas Hollis, Esq. of London, the well&SHY;known benefactor of Harvard College. Although in his life he had preached powerful sermons against the establishment of bishops, it is one of the strange evolutions in family history that his grandson became one of the noted bishops of the American Church, the Rev. Dr. Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright of the diocese of New York. Through this line have been descended a posterity distinguished alike in the military, naval, political and social life of the nation.
After the death of Rev. Jonathan Mayhew, the beautiful young widow remained unmarried for eight years although the recipient of constant and importunate tenders of proposal of marriage from numerous admirers. She finally accepted and married 3 Dec. 1771 the Rev. SIMEON HOWARD of Boston, Mayhew's successor in the pastorate of the West Church, who is described as the personal and temperamental antithesis of the famous pulpit orator who preceded him. She did not long survive, however, and d. in April 1777 at the early age of 44 years. The Rev. Jonathan Mayhew left two surviving children, both daughters, one of them dying in infancy shortly after her father and the line ceased for want of male issue. Inventory of his estate returned 27 July 1769 shows property valued at £323&SHY;17&SHY;5.
260. ELIZABETH, b. 1759; m. PETER WAINWRIGHT of Boston 5 June 1790. She d. 5 July 1829 at Liverpool, England. Descendants continue to this day to perpetuate the name of Jonathan Mayhew in each generation.
120. JOHN9 MAYHEW , (John,8-7 Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), b. 1701, res. C., farmer. He m. RUTH DAVIS, dau. of Malatiah Davis of Falmouth 29 Oct. 1730, and d. 16 Jan. 1790. His will 28 Feb. 1786 was pro. 8 Feb. 1790. They had the following named children:
270. MALATIAH, b. 24 Sept. 1731 (living 1762), but not mentioned in his father's will).
271. MARY, b. 22 May 1734; m. _____ WOODWORTH.
272. JOHN, b. 7 Mch. 1736; no further record.
273. LYDIA, b. 9 June 1741; m. WILLIAM RUSSELL.
274. RUTH DAVIS, b. 17 May 1746-7; m. TIMOTHY MAYHEW (315).
122. JEREMIAH9 MAYHEW , (John,8-7 Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), b. 1705; res. C., husbandman and master mariner; served as Lieutenant in the company of Capt. Peter West 1756 in French and Indian War. He m. (1) DEBORAH SMITH (60) in 1728, who was b. 16 Sept. 1710; m. (2) Mrs. FEAR HILLMAN, wid.of Stephen 7 Apr. 1776; and d. 14 June 1790. He had the following named children:
By First Wife:
290. RUHAMAH, b. 29 Dec. 1728; m. WILLIAM STEWART (38).
291. HILYARD, b. 1731; d. 18 Dec. 1738.
292. THANKFUL, b. (1733); m. _____ PITTS.
293. SUSANNA, b. (17~6); m. SILAS HILLMAN (45).
294. NATHAN, b. 1739; d. 1760, unm.
295. SETH, b. 15 April 1740.
296. HILYARD, b. (1742).
297. JEREMIAH, b. (1744).
298. DEBORAH, b. (1746); m. EPHRAIM MAYHEW (301).
By Second Wife:
299. FEAR, b. (1777).
134. BENJAMIN9 MAYHEW , (Benjamin,8 John,7 Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), b. 21 May 1717, res. C., yeoman. He m. SARAH TILTON (34) about 1743, who was b. 25 Aug. 1717, and he d. abt. 1749. Inventory of est. dated 11 April 1749. His wid. m. (2) THEOPHILUS MAYHEW (121) and (3) NATHAN SKIFF (91). They had the following named children:
300. BENJAMIN, b. 27 April 1744.
301. EPHRAIM, b. 1746.
302. HANNAH, b. 15 April 1748; m. ELIJAH SMITH (93).
141. TIMOTHY9 MAYHEW , (Simon,8 John,7 Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), b. 25 June 1711, res. C., husbandman. He was deacon of the church in C., served as Indian Guardian in 1756 and d. 4 Jan. 1781. He m. ABIAH TILTON (41) 14 Jan. 1730-1, who was b. 27 Oct. 1709, and by her had the following named children:
310. RELIANCE, b. 9 Feb. 1732; m. BENJAMIN HATCH 1762.
311. RACHEL, b. 5 Jan. 1734; d. 1828, unm.
312. HANNAH, b. 22 Feb. 1736; d. 1827 unm.
313. BATHSHEBA, b. 10 Dec. 1737; m. WILLIAM TILTON (50).
314. JOSIAH, b. 5 Oct. 1740; m. REBECCA SKIFF (113) 21 Oct. 1779 and had Bathshebah, b. 1781 and Rebecca 1784, both of whom d.y.
315. TIMOTHY, b. 20 May 1743.
316. ABIAH, b. 18 Sept. 1745; m. DANIEL NORTON (455).
317. MARK, b. 10 Sept. 1747; d. 1814, unm.
318. JOSEPH, b. 15 Jan 1750. }
319. ABNER, b. 15 Jan. 1750. } twins.
320. RUHAMAH, b. 21 Mch. 1754; d. 1899, unm.
142. SAMUEL9 MAYHEW , (Simon,8 John,7 Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), b. 10 Mch. 1712&SHY;13; res. C., farmer. He m. LOIS NORTON (97) 27 Dec. 1739, who was b. 1719 and d. 8 May 1802. He d. 8 April 1800 and his will 20 Sept. 1791 was pro. 31 May 1800.
330. JETHRO, b. 1741; d. 16 Oct. 1806, umn.
331. SAMUEL., b. (1743); m. PERSIS MAYHEW (343) and rem. to Readfield, Me. Had two children, Abiah and Nancy.
332. EUNICE, b. (1745); d. unm.
333. LOIS, b. (1747); d. unm.
334. RUTH, b. (1719); m. THOMAS HILLMAN (71).
335. JOHN, b. June 1752.
147. SIMON9 MAYHEW , (Simon,8 John,7 Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), b. 20 Oct. 1719; res. C., husbandman. He m. ABIAH VINCENT (51) 27 Apr. 1749, who was b. 1729 and d. 23 Nov. 1792. He d. 19 June 1801 and his will 14 Jan. 1793 was pro. 17 Aug. 1801. They had the following named children:
340. JANE, b. 2 Feb. 1749&SHY;50; d. 1768.
341. MATILDA, b. 22 Aug. 1751; m. ELIJAH SMITH (93).
342. SIMON, b. 15 Nov. 1753; m. MATILDA VINCENT (131) 1796 and d. 31 Mch.1847. No children.
343. PERSIS, b. 6 Oct. 1755; m. SAMUEL MAYHEW (331).
344. ANNA, b. 24 Mch. 1760; d. 8 Mch. 1813, unm.
345. OLIVER, b. 7 June 1763; m. JANE STEWART (130) 26 May 1791 and d. 25 Aug. 1828. She was b. 7 Apr. 1761 and d. 7 Jan. 1833. No children.
346. JANE, b. 28 Aug. 1768.
150. MATTHEW10 MAYHEW , (Micajah,9 Matthew,8-7 Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), b. 6 July 1723; res. Nantucket 1746 and rem. to E. abt. 1762; boatbuilder. He m. PHEBE, dau. of William and Hannah (Gorham) MANNING of Nantucket 27 July 1746, who was b. 16 July 1729 and d. 25 Nov. 1788. He d. 10 Oct. 1799. They had the following named children:
350. SUSANNA, b. 24. Mch. 1747. [She m. Samuel Manter (70).]
351. WILLIAM, b. 30 Oct. 1748.
352. SARAH, b.7 Oct.1750; m. (1) HOMES WASS (47) and (2) JONATHAN PEASE (317).
353. PHEBE, b.8 Aug. 1752; d. 1 Oct.1773.
354. REBECCA, b. 8 Aug. 1752 (twin with above).
355. JONATHAN, b. 13 Oct. 1754; d.y.
356. MARY, b. 3 May 1756; m. (1) JOHN SPRAGUE (35); (2) JOHN FERGUSON (30) She d. 20 Apr. 1851 in C.
357. THOMAS, b. 16 Jan. 1759; d.y.
358. ANNA, b. 20 Mch. 1761; m. JOHN PEASE.
359. PUELLA, b.15 Dec. 1763; m. (1) SAMUEL KELLEY and (2) PETER WALDRON.
360. MATTHEW, b. 12 Feb. 1766.
361. THOMAS, b. 1 Jan. 1769.
362. ELIZABETH, b. Feb. 1771; m. THOMAS COOKE (23).
201. PAINE10 MAYHEW , (Thomas,9 Paine,8 Matthew,7 Thomas,6&SHY;5 Matthew4), b. 16 Mch. 1734; res. C., farmer; rem. to Chesterfield, Mass. and later to Williamsburg, Mass. abt. 1782. His last res. was Charlemont, Mass. He m. MARGARET WASS (41) 17 Nov. 1757 and d. 1818. His will 7 Sept. 1814 was pro. 11 May 1818. His children were as follows:
380. FREEBORN, b. 23 Aug. 1758; res. Goshen and Charlemont, Mass.; he served in the Revolutionary War and later in the Militia; m. HANNAH SKIFF (124), who was b. 15 Apr. 1758 and d. 24 Mch. 1845. He d. 4 July 1824. Children:
I. William, b. 27 Sept. 1784; d. 10 April 1860.
II. Homes, b. 22 July 1787; d. 5 Sept. 1863.
III. Anson, b. 2 Sept. 1793; d. 16 Aug. 1832, unm.
IV. George, b. 29 Aug. 1796.
V. John, b. 22 Aug. 1798; d. 25 July 1829.
381. CONSTANT, b. 17 Oct. 1759; d. 7 Dec. 1827; res. Williamsburg, Mass. Rev. soldier 1778; m. ROWENA _____.
382. WILLIAM, b. 13 Jan. 1761 ; m. SUSANNA STRONG.
383. WILMOT, b. 1l Aug. 1762.
384. ARNOLD, b. 31 Oct. 1763; d. 6 April 1830; res. Williamsburg, Mass. Rev. soldier; m. JERUSHA WHITE 6 Jan. 1789 and had:
I. Constant, b. 15 Apr. 1790.
II. Martha, b. 16 July 1793; m. Hon. LEAVITT THAXTER of E. Nov.1816.
385. LOTHROP, b. 31 July 1765; res. Williamsburg; m. ELIZABETH GILSON (?).
386. THOMAS, b. 12 Nov.1767 (twin with 387).
387. LYDIA, b. 12 Nov.1767; m. SHUBAEL HILLMAN (124).
388. FREELOVE, b. 29 Nov.1769.
389. PEGGY, b. 30 Jan. 1772.
215. MATTHEW10 MAYHEW , (Matthew,9 Paine,8 Matthew,7 Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), b. 1 Aug. 1756; res. C:., farmer. He m. REBECCA STEWART (122), who was b. 1756 and d. 17 Dec. 1824. He d. 6 July 1838 and his children were:
400. JULIUS STEWART, b. 17 Feb. 1778; m. (1) JULIA ANN BATES and (2) ISABELLA H. NYE.
401. MARY, b. 22 Jan. 1780; m. EPHRAIM POOLE.
402. SUSANNA, b. 7 Nov. 1782; d. 13 Aug. 1837, unm.
403. MATTHEW, b. 29 Dec. 1784; m. SARAH LE BARON 14 July 1816.
404. REBECCA, b. 13 Feb. 1786; m. JOHN ROGERS.
405. MARGARET, b. 1788; m. THOMAS NICKERSON.
406. MARTHA, b. 1788; m. ALLEN DEXTER.
407. HARRISON PAINE, b. 20 Sept. 1794; m. SUSAN MAYHEW.
408. PRUDENCE, b._____; m. BENJAMIN BASSETT (183).
219. ALLEN10 MAYHEW , (Matthew,9 Paine,8 Matthew,7 Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), b. 18 June 1767; res. C., farmer; m. EUNICE ALLEN (235) 18 Dec. 1795, who was b. 24 Dec.1772 and d. 17 Oct. 1841. He d. 9 Dec. 1826. They had the folowing named children:
410. THEODORE G., b. 4 Jan. 1797; m. (l) ELIZA ROSS, and (2) AMANDA VINCENT.
411. CAROLINE, b. 4 Sept. 1800; m. WILLIAM MAYHEW.
233. THOMAS WADE10 MAYHEW , (Zaccheus,9-8 Thomas,7-6-5 Matthew4), b. 14 Mch. 1757; res. C., farmer; m. PARNELL ADAMS (49) 2 Dec. 1780, who was b. 15 Dec. 1757 and d. 23 Mch. 1812. He d. 4 June 1808. Children:
420. THOMAS WADE, b. 14 April 1783; m. LUCY ALLEN, 23 Dce. 1810 and descendants reside in Ohio.
421. PARNELL, b. 23 Sept. 1785; m. WILLIAM MAYHEW (351).
422. HARRIET, b. 23 Apr. 1787.
423. MARTHA, b. 7 May 1789.
424. LEMUEL, b. 23 May 1791 ; m. SOPHRONIA CLARK.
425. ELIZABETH, b. 8 Jan. 1793; m. ALLEN LOOK (222).
426. MOSES ADAMS, b. 23 Dec. 1795.
234. ZACCHEUS10 MAYHEW , (Zaccheus,9-8 Thomas,7-6-5 Matthew4), b. 19 Feb. 1759; res. C., farmer; rem. to Farmington, Me. later to Nobleboro, Me.; m. (1) PAMELIA SMITH (512) 8 Dec. 1785, who was b. 24 Oct. 1764 and d. soon after marriage without issue; he m. (2) LOVE SMITH (515), who was b. 16 May 1769 and became the mother of his children:
430. ELIZABETH, b. 1787; m. WINTHROP BUTLER (479) 27 Jan. 1807.
431. ZACCHEUS, b. (1791); m. SARAH THAYER 18 July 1816.
432. PAMELIA, b. (1793); m. JOHN WEBBER 25 Dec. 1818.
433. EBENEZER, b. 17 Aug. 1795; m. LUCY FOLSOM.
434. JANE, b. (1797); m. JEREMIAH WEBBER.
435. LUCY, b. (1800); m. ALEXANDER JONES.
436. SUSAN, b. Oct. 1802; m. (1) JONATHAN CHAPMAN; (2) JOHN GAMMELL.
437. NATHANIEL, b. 22 July 1805; m. JANE W. PARTRIDGE.
438. SARAH, b. (1807); m. HARTLEY CUNNINGHAM.
235. NATHANIEL10 MAYHEW , (Zaccheus,9-8 Thomas,7-6-5 Matthew4), b. 16 Apr. 1761; res. C., farmer; rem. to Springfield, Ohio. He m. POLLY ATHEARN (84) 23 Feb. 1786, who was b. 10 Oct. 1763 and d. 12 Sept. 1832. He d. 3 June 1833. They had the following named children:
440. NATHANIEL, b. (1787); m. NANCY ALLEN (262). No issue.
441. GEORGE ATHEARN, b. (1789). ["Mimi" <MimiMS1@aol.com> writes "George A. Mayhew married Alice Hussey PERRY, and both lived and are buried in Cincinnati, Ohio. It seems that many Mayhews and Perrys moved to Cincinnati, but when and why?]
442. ZACCHEUS, b. (1790).
443. REBECCA, b. 13 APr. 1792; m. WILLIAM JERNEGAN (33) 26 Nov. 1812.
444. OLIVE, b. (1794).
445. RUFUS, b. (1796).
416. FRANKLIN, b. (1798).
447. ALEXANDER, b. 14 Mch. 1799; m. REBECCA HILLS.
448. MARY, b. (1801).
244. WADSWORTH10 MAYHEW , (Zephaniah,9-8 Thomas,7-6-5 Matthew4), 27 Apr. 1741; res. C., farmer; rem. to Conway, Mass. (1777) and later to Cambridge, N.Y. where he d. 25 July 1829. He m. ELIZABETH GREGORY 5 Oct. 1775, and had the following named children:
460. ELIZABETH, b. 4 Oct. 1776; d. 7 Sept. 1798 Unm.
461. WADSWORTH, b. 19 Jan. 1778; m. ANN COOPER.
462. JOHN, b. 29 Sept. 1779.
463. ADONIJAH, b. 19 Mch. 1781; m. SARAH COOPER.
464. WILLIAM, b. 1 June 1783.
465. CHRISTIANA, b. 24 May 1785; m. REUBEN WELLS.
466. DAVID, b. 9 Aug. 1787; d. Unm.
467. SARAH, b. 31 Oct. 1789.
468. LUCINDA, b. 14 Dec. 1792; d.y.
469. ABIGAIL, b. 10 July 1795; d. 1842 Unm.
470. BENJAMIN, b. 29 Oct. 1797; d. Unm.
246. ZEPHANIAH10 MAYHEW , (Zephaniah,9-8 Thomas,7-6-5 Matthew4), b. 7 Feb. 1745; res. C., farmer; rem. to Conway, Mass. (1778), and later to Deerfield, Mass. (1790). He m. POLITE WADSWORTH, prob. dau. of Abiah and Mary Wadsworth of Kingston, Mass. 24 Nov. 1773, who was b. abt. 1750. They had the following children:
471. ABIAH WADSWORTH, b. 15 Sept. 1774; m. JOANNA LOCKE 17 July 1795; res. Spencertown, N.Y.; had issue six children.
472. JERUSHA, b. (_____); m. (_____) WARREN.
473. LUCINDA, b. (_____); m. JACOB KNAPP.
474. POLITE, b. (_____); m. JOHN HEWLETT.
475. CECELIA, b. (_____); m. CYRUS JACKSON.
476. VIOLETTA, b. (_____); m. DANIEL FOOTE.
477. SARAH, b. (_____).
250. NATHAN10 MAYHEW , (Zachariah,9 Experience,8 John,7 Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), b. 18 May 1741, res. C., farmer. He m. (1) SUSANNA ATHEARN (46) 28 June 1761, who was b. 1 Nov. 1735 and d. 30 Dec. 1778; m. (2) ABIGAIL BOARDMAN (41) 8 Nov. 1781, who was b. 1750. He had the following named children:
By First Wife:
479. JAMES, b. 16 Apr. 1762; d.30 Feb. 1778.
480. ABIGAIL, b. 4 May 1764; m. WILLIAM JERNEGAN (18).
481. HEBRON, b.16 Feb. 1767.
482. WILLIAM, b. 30 July 1769.
483. SUSANNA, b. 22 Dec. 1771; m. RANSOM NORTON (570).
484. MARY, b. 10 Mch. 1774; m. SARSON CHASE (226).
485. NATHAN, b. 23 Dec. 1778.
By Second Wife:
486. LUCIA, b. 18 Dec.1782, m. FRANCIS REMICK.
487. ELIZABETH, b. 2 July 1785; m. SAMUEL PRESCOTT.
488. CLARINDA, b. 29 July 1787; m. NATHAN ARMSBY.
489. JAMES, b. 16 Oct. 1789; m. ALMIRA ALLEN.
490. ANDREW BOARDMAN, b. 9 Sept. 1791; m. POLLY HIGGINS.
251. WILLIAM10 MAYHEW , (Zachariah,9 Experience,8 John,7 Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), b. 7 July 1746; res. C., farmer; m. MARGARET MAYHEW (211) 1775, who was b. 9 Dec. 1747. He d. 13 July 1785 and his wid. m. (2) JEREMIAH MAYHEW (297) in 1792. They had the following children:
491. MARTHA, b.21 Sept. 1775; m. HARDY E. HITCH.
492. WILLIAM BRANDON, b. 17 Dec. 1777; m. PRUDENCE ALLEN (276) 6 Nov.1800.
493. ELIZABETH, b. 5 Feb. 1781.
253. JONATHAN10 MAYHEW , (Zachariah,9 Experience,8 John,7 Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), b. 7 Jan. 1755; res. C., farmer; m. PARNELL MAYHEW (217) 25 Oct. 1792, who was b. 23 May 1761 and d. 10 Feb. 1808. He d. 17 Dec. 1805. They had the following named children:
500. REBECCA, b.18 June 1795; m. MOSES MAYHEW (426).
501. JONATHAN, b.7 Apr. 1797; m. ALMIRA BUTLER .
502. GILBERT, b.25 Aug. 1800; m. CATHERINE TILTON.
254. ZACHARIAH10 MAYHEW , (Zachariah,9 Experience,8 John,7 Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), b. 28 Aug. 1757; res. C., farmer; rem. to Williamsburg, Mass. bef. 1790, where he d. 29 May 1830. He m. (1) ANNE DAVIS (38) and (2) Mrs. DESIRE (Allen) (226) BUTLER, who was b. 5 Nov. 1767, and d. at Goshen, Mass. He had the following named children:
By First Wife.
520. DAVIS, b.24 Oct. 1782.
521. JAMES, b. 23 July 1785.
280. THEOPHILUS10 MAYHEW , (Theophilus,9 John,8-7 Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), b. 1752; res. C., yeoman; m. ELIZABETH TILTON (135) 22 Feb. 1776, who was b. 7 Aug. 1758 and d. 18 Feb. 1844. He d. 7 Aug. 1829 and his will 22 Aug. 1828 was pro. 19 Oct. 1829. They had the following named children:
550. GEORGE, b. (1777); d.y.
551. GEORGE, b. 11 Mch. 1782; m. (1) CLARISSA MAYHEW (652) and (2) MEHITABLE MAYHEW (645).
552. ELIZABETH, b. 15 Nov.1784; m. BENJAMIN SKIFF (152).
295. SETH10 MAYHEW , (Jeremiah,9 John,8-7 Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), b. 15 Apr. 1740; res. C., farmer and sea faring man; m. MERCY SKIFFE (100) 15 Dec. 1763, who was b. 9 Apr. 1741 and d. 12 Sept. 1800. He d. 20 Sept. 1800. They had the following named children:
560. LYDIA, b. 20 Oct. 1764; m. BENJAMIN MAYHEW (300).
561. NATHAN, b. 15 Feb. 1766; d. 26 July 1800. Master mariner.
562. ELIJAH, b.10 Jan. 1769.
563. RUHAMAH, b. 6 Sept. 1772; m. BENJAMIN SMITH (160).
564. SETH, b.14 Apr.1775; m. ELIZABETH COTTLE.
565. MERCY, b.1 Apr.1781; m. EPHRAIM SMITH (155).
296. HILYARD10 MAYHEW , (Jeremiah,9 John,8-7 Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), b. (1742); res. C., master mariner; rem. to Tiverton, R. I. (1775) and later to Dartmouth, Mass. (1779) and Westport, Mass. (1790), where he d. 1801. He m. (1) SUSANNA BASSETT (76) 16 Feb. 1764, who was b. abt. 1744, and (2) RUTH WHITE of Little Compton, R. I. She d. 1828 in Westport, Mass. as his widow. He had the following named children:
By First Wife:
570. MATTHEW, b. (1766); m. DRUSILLA DUNHAM (246).
571. ANNA, b. (1767); prob. d.y.
572. JONATHAN, b. (1769); m. JUDITH BROWNELL.
573. NANCY, b. (1771); m. WILLIAM HOWLAND.
574. MARY, b. (1775); m. (1) WILLIAM DUNHAM and (2) MATTHEW TILTON (92) Apr. 1806.
575. SUSANNA, b. (1776); prob. d.y.
576. DEBORAH, b. (1778); d.y.
577. DEBORAH, b. 25 Aug. 1781 ; m. EBENEZER VOSE SOULE.
By Second Wife:
578. THOMAS WHITE, b. 5 Sept. 1795; m. BETSEY TRIPP, (res. Wellfleet, Mass.).
577. SUSAN, b. 28 Apr. 1797; m. NATHANIEL HATHAWAY.
297. JEREMIAH10 MAYHEW , (Jeremiah,9 John,8-7 Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), b. abt. 1744; res. C., mariner; rem. to New Bedford 1773, where he was called "Captain" and "Gentleman", and d. there in 1824. He m. four wives, viz: (1) ABIGAIL BASSETT (77) 3 Mch. 1768, who was b. 1746 and d. 5 Nov. 1791; (2) Mrs. MARGARET (Mayhew (211) ) MAYHEW, wid. of William (251) 26 Oct. 1792, who d. 21 Sept. 1795; (3) HANNAH WILLIS 1797, who d. 25 Oct. 1812, and (4) BETSEY _____, who survived as his widow. He had the following named children:
By First Wife:
580. THADDEUS, b. (_____); m. SUSAN _____.
581. NATHANIEL, b. (_____).
582. FREDERICK, b. (_____).
583. ELIZABETH, b. 1784; d. 20 July 1819 unm.
584. JEREMIAH, b. 23 Dec. 1788; grad. Brown Univ. 1809 and d. 4 Jan. 1811 while a Theological student at Andover Theological School
585. FEAR, b. (_____); m. ADAMS.
300. BENJAMIN10 MAYHEW , (Benjamin,9-8 John,7 Thomas,6-5 William4), b. 27 Apr. 1744; res. C., farmer; m. LYDIA MAYHEW (560) 8 Feb. 1784. They had the following named children:
590. BENJAMIN, b. 8 Feb. 1785; res. Chilmark, m. HANNAH SMITH (266). They had two sons:
I. BENJAMIN, b. 1846, m. HARRIET W. WEST. They had three children, Cora, Ernest C., and Benjamin Carleton whose son Benjamin Carleton Mayhew, Jr. was elected representative to the General Court from Dukes County in 1966.
II. JARED, b. 1852, m. JERUSHA A. REED. They had one dau. Ethel L.
591. LYDIA, b. 16 Nov.1787; m. RUFUS SMITH.
592. ELIJAH, b. 26 Jan. 1790; m. MARTHA SMITH. No issue.
593. HARIPH, b. 6 Nov.1791; m. SALLY SMITH.
594. BARTLETT, b. 28 July 1793; m. THANKFUL MAYHEW (930). They had two sons:
I. BARTLETT, b. 1829, m. ABBIE A. LUCE.
II. DAVID, b. 1834, m. ARABELLA COTTLE. Their children were Bartlett, Bernice E., Vesta W., and Clyde R.
595. SARAH, b. 28 Dec. 1795; m. WARREN BULLEN.
596. RUBY, b. 19 June 1799; d. Oct. 1876; unm.
597. LOVEY, b. 27 Apr. 1802; d. unm.
598. ALFRED, b. 31 Jan. 1804; d. Aug. 1887, unm.
599. JARED, b. 19 May 1807; m. EMMA M. NORTON.
301. EPHRAIM10 MAYHEW , (Benjamin,9-8 John,7 Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), b. 1746; res. C., farmer; m. (1) DEBORAH MAYHEW (298), who was b. abt. 1746 and d. abt. 1775; m. (2) JEDIDAH SMITH (98), who was b. abt. 1753. He d. 4 Oct. 1807 and was the father of the following named children:
By First Wife.
600. SALLY, b. 28 June 1767; m. HENRY HILLMAN (173) 9 Dec. 1790.
601. FRANCIS, b. (1769); m. SUSAN SMITH (151) 11 Dec. 1788.
602. THANKFUL, b. 21 Dec. 1770; m. PRINCE BAKER 24 Oct. 1803.
603. DEBORAH, b. (1773); m. ABEL BAKER 1795.
By Second Wife.
604. EPHRAIM, b. 19 Mch. 1778; m. SUSANNA PEASE.
605. DAVID, b. 4 Sept. 1779; m. MARTHA MAYHEW. [642?]
606. JEDIDAH, b. 7 Sept. 1782; m. JOSEPH MAYHEW.
607. WILLIAM, b. It Dec. 1784; d. umn.
608. TRISTRAM, b. 23 Dec. 1786; d. unm. Liverpool 1810.
609. SMITH, b. 23 Sept. 1788; m. THANKFUL COTTLE.
610. HILLIARD, b. 19 Mch. 1791; d. unm. 1817.
611. JEREMIAH, b. 19 Mch. 1791; m. MARTHA B. TILTON (354). Rem. To New Sharon, Maine, and returned many years later to Chilmark. They had two children:
I. HEPSIBAH FRANCES, b. 1820, m. JAMES COFREN.
II. DAVID WILLIAM, b. 1825, m. ABBIE A. (Luce) MAYHEW, wid. of REV. BARTLETT MAYHEW. Their children born in W. Tisbury: Jerry B., Georgene O., Adelaide S., Stella G., William A. (d.y.), William A., Alice T., and Flavel S. (d.y.).
612. HANNAH, b. 7 July 1794; m. STEPHEN WILLIAMSON; d. 7 Aug. 1818.
613. PHILIP, b. 13 July 1797; m. PHEBE BURTON.
315. TIMOTHY10 MAYHEW , (Timothy,9 Simon,8 John,7 Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), b. 20 May 1743; res. C., farmer; m. RUTH DAVIS MAYHEW (274) in 1768, who was b. 17 May 1746.
620. (Child), b. 9 Mch. 1770; d.9 July 1771.
621. JOHN, b.8 Dec. 1772.
622. MELATIAH, b.4 Dec. 1774; m. LUCY LOOK (181) 16 May 1805.
623. JANE, b.25 Oct. 1779; d.1849.
624. LYDIA, b. 11 Sept. 1781; d.1849.
625. TIMOTHY, b. 1 Oct.1785; d.18 Dec.1846.
626. DAVIS b. 20 Aug.1788; m. CYNTHIA GRINNELL.
318. JOSEPH10 MAYHEW , (Timothy,9 Simon,8 John,7 Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), b. 15 Jan. 1750; res. C., farmer; m. LOVE HILLMAN (145), who was b. abt. 1746. They had the following named children:
630. JOSEPH, b. (_____); m. POLLY COTTLE 23 Oct.1796.
631. LOVE, b&SHY; (_____); m. LEMUEL HARDING.
632. RACHEL, b&SHY; (_____) ; m. BENJAMIN WATCH.
633. ASENATH, b. (_____)
319. ABNER10 MAYHEW , (Timothy,9 Simon,8 John,7 Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), b. 26 Jan. 1750; res. C., farmer; m. MARTHA TILTON (97), and had the following named children:
640. ABNER, b. 11 July 1776; m. EUNICE SMITH (176) 5 Nov.1807.
641. JOSEPH, b. 7 Feb. 1778; m. JEDIDAH MAYHEW.
642. MARTHA, b. 13 Muy 1781; m. (1) DAVID MAYHEW [605?]; (2) SAMDEL BLACKWELL.
643. FREDERICK, b. (_____); m. ZELINDA TILTON.
644. GIDEON, b. (_____).
645. MEHITABLE, b.11 Aug.1786; m. GEORGE MAYHEW (551).
335. JOHN10 MAYHEW , (Samuel,9 Simon,8 John,7 Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), b. June 1752, res. C., farmer; m. HANNAH GRAY (104) 15 Jan. 1783, who was b. 1766 and d. 14 Dec. 1801. He d. 19 Apr. 1827 and his will 1 July 1825 was pro. 23 July 1827. They had the following named children:
650. JAMES, b. (_____); m. DEBORAH MAYHEW.
651. PERSIS, b. (_____); m. PAINE TILTON.
652. CLARISSA, b. (_____); m. GEORGE MAYHEW (551).
351. WILLIAM11 MAYHEW , (Matthew,10 Micajah,9 Matthew,8-7 Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), b. 30 Oct. 1784; res. E., trader. Me lived on the home lot of Gov. Mayhew as representative of the eldest line in his lifetime. For many years he was deacon of the church in E., and was one of the prominent citizens of the town during his long and useful life. He was married three times; (1) LUCY MAYHEW (231) 31 Dec. 1772, who was b. 25 April 1753 and d. bef. 1798 (2) Mrs. JANE (Kelley) (50) PEASE, wid. of Ephraim, 8 April 1798, who was b. abt. 1745 and d. 16 Oct. 1816; (3) PARNELL MAYHEW (421), who was b. 23 Sept. 1785 and d. 26 Oct. 1848. He d. 11 Dec. 1840 and his will 30 April 1829 was pro. 18 Jan. 1841.
By First Wife.
655. PHEBE, b. 16 Sept. 1775; m. WILLIAM MAYHEW (482).
656. LUCY, b. 29 July 1778; d. 4 Mch. 1794.
657. WILLIAM MANNING, b. 11 Mch. 1781; d. 7 Sept. 1800.
658. THOMAS, b. 4 Sept. 1784; m. (1)MARGARET LATHAM; (2) JEDIDAH CLEVELAND.
659. JONATHAN, b. 11 June 1787; m. ELIZABETH COOKE (40) 20 Oct. 1816.
660. JOSEPH, b. 30 Sept. 1791 ; m. NANCY WORTH.
661. LUCY, b. 24 Mch. 1794; m. (1) CHARLES BUTLER (200) 17 June 1813; (2) _____ HOBERT.
662. REBECCA, b. 9 July 1797; m. Rev. SHIPLEY WELLS WILSON.
By Second Wife:
663. HANNAH KELLEY, b. 25 Jan. 1799; m. THOMAS WORTH.
664. WILLIAM MANNING, b. 19 Sept. 1800.
665. ELIZA ANN, b. 11 Apr. 1804; m. CYRUS B. WORTH.
666. EPHRAIM PEASE, b. 3 Aug. 1806.
360. MATTHEW11 MAYHEW , (Matthew,10 Micajah,9 Matthew,8-7 Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), b. 12 Feb. 1766; res. E., first lighthouse keeper at Cape Pogue; m. MAGDALEN BURROUGHS, who was b. 1769 and surviving him d. 22 Sept. 1848. He d. 20 Dec. 1834. They had the following named children:
670. SAMUEL, b. (_____).
671. JOHN BURROUGHS, b. Mch. 1790; m. DEBORAH HERSEY 25 Apr. 1811 and settled at Hingham, Mass. where he followed trade of sailmaker. He d. 14 Apr. 1848 leaving issue, a son John Matthew, b. 23 Oct. 1815.
672. TRISTRAM, b. (_____).
673. SUSAN, b. (_____).
674. SARAH; m. WILLIAM COFFIN (175).
675. ELIZA; m. AARON SOUTHER.
676. MARIA, b. (_____).
677. MARGARET; m. PETER MARTIN COFFIN.
361. THOMAS11 MAYHEW , (Matthew,10 Micajah,9 Matthew,8-7 Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), b. 1 Jan. 1769; res. E., trader; rem. to New Jersey and later to Augusta, Ga. 1841; m. OLIVE NORTON (1045) 3 Sept. 1795, who was b. 15 Dec. 1769. He d. 7 June 1851; she d. 1846 in Savannah, Ga. whither the family rem., and where descendants now reside. They had the following named children:
680. BERIAH, b. (_____).
681. THOMAS MANNING, b. (_____).
682. HARRIET BYRON; m. JAMES BILBO.
683. ANN FRANCES; m. Dr. ALEXANDER CUNNINGAHAM.
383. WILMOT11 MATHEW , (Paine,10 Thomas,9 Paine,8 Matthew,7 Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), b. 11 Aug. 1762 in Chilmark; rem. with his father to Chesterfield, Mass. and later resided in Charlemont and Gill, Mass. In 1822 he rem. to Bristolville, Ohio, where he d. 10 Dec. 1840. He m. NANCY TILTON (170) 27 Oct. 1785, who was b. 9 Oct. 1759; d. 15 Dec. 1840. They had the following named children:
690. HOMES, b.24 Aug. 1787; m. LUCRETIA WOODWARD.
691. MELVIN, b.15 Dec. 1790; m. LUCY WEBSTER.
692. TRUMAN FOSTER, b.5 Dec. 1793.
693. NANCY, b.24 Nov.1796.
694. THOMAS LOTHROP, b.1 Nov.1798.
695. SARAH, b. (_____).
426. MOSES ADAMS11 MAYHEW , (Thomas,10 Zacheus,9-8-7 Thomas,6-5-4), b. 23 Dec. 1795; res. Chilmark, farmer; m. REBECCA MAYHEW (500) 28 Nov. 1824. She was b. 18 June 1795 and d. 23 April 1855. He d. 23 July 1854. They were the parents of:
JOHN WESLEY 12 MAYHEW. He was for many years a town officer of Chilmark and Representative to the General Court (1870). He was a soldier in the Civil War. By his wife, CHARLOTTE JANE HILLMAN he had the following issue:
I. EVELYN HILLMAN, m. JAMES ADAMS.
II. HAROLD B., m. ELIZABETH KELLEY; res. Maryland.
III. EMMA VINCENT, m. JOHNSON WHITING 10 Sept. 1901, and has issue: John W. M. (Whiting), b.12 June 1908, and Everett Davis (Whiting) 19 Sept. 1915.
IV. INEZ PARNEL, m. ERNEST MAYHEW.
V. CLARA WARREN, m. WARREN COLE; res. Maryland.
VI. JOHN WESLEY, m. HELEN LEE; res., Indo&SHY;China.
481. HEBRON11 MAYHEW , (Nathan,10 Zachariah,9 Experience,8 John,7 Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), b. 16 Feb. 1767; res. C., farmer; rem. to Farmington, Me. He m. DEBORAH STEWART (128) 20 Sept. 1792, who was b. abt. 1770. He d. 25 Dec. 1826. They had the following named children:
800. HEBRON, b. 5 July 1793; m. ABIGAIL CRAIG.
801. NATHAN, b. 9 Oct. 1795; m. ELIZABETH ATHEARN. [Did he d. 1865?]
802. MIRA, b. 9 Apr. 1798; m. DAVID WENTWORTH.
803. HOLMES, b. 10 Sept. 1800; m. (1) MERON G. GAY; (2) Mrs. RACHEL (Pease) NORTON; (3) HELEN BOYD.
804. THADDEUS, b. 4 June 1803; m. PAULINE HERSEY.
805. ELIZABETH, b. 24 Sept. 1805; d. 24 Feb. 1824.
482. WILLIAM11 MAYHEW , (Nathan,10 Zachariah,9 Experience,8 John,7 Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), b. 30 July 1769; res. C., farmer; m. PHEBE MAYHEW (655), who was b. 16 Sept. 1775 [and d. 30 Sep. 1865 in WT.]
I. SUSAN M., b. 3 Nov. 1795; m. HARRISON P. MAYHEW (407) 14 Dec. 1820. Grandparents of William and Annie Mayhew of Edgartown. Died 15 June, 1885.
II. WILLIAM, b. 13 Mch. 1798; m. CAROLINE MAYHEW (_____) 14 Aug. 1834; res. Edgartown. No issue. Died 10 Nov. 1855.
III. LUCY, b. 25 Oct. 1800; m. CHARLES G. NORTON (_____) 15 Apr. 1828. No issue. Died 19 Jan. 1832.
IV. BARTLETT, b. 22 Oct. 1803; m. MARY C. ATHEARN (146) 14 July l829. Father of William Bartlett, Jonathan, Lucy and Mercy. Died in California 3 Sept. 1877 at home of sons and left many descendants there.
V. PHEBE, b. 15 Aug. 1806; m. DAVID ADAMS 29 June 1826. Died 22 Mch. 1862.
VI. JANE KELLEY, b. 30 Jan. 1809; m. (1) SANDERSON MANTER 27 Nov. 1834. No issue. (2) DANIEL FLANDERS March 18 I3. Died 30 Nov. 1893.
VII. JAMES, b. 4 Oct. 1811; m. CAIIOLINE E. COTTLE 16 Jllly 1835. Died 24 July 1882. No issue.
VIII. NATHAN, b. 24 July 1814; m. (1) REBECCA SMITH 4 Apr. 1839 and had issue: Sanderson, Ulysses and Mrs. Jane Kelley (Smith) all now living in W. T. (1925); (2) ELIZA C. BARTLETT 25 Jan. 1877. (Descendants reside in Ohio). Died 25 Jan. 1907.
IX. ABIGAIL, b. Jan. 29, 1817; m. DAVIS COTTLE 3 May 1837. Died 19 Jan. 1914 [in Tisbury.]
X. JONATHAN, b. 15 Sept. 1819; m. (1) JANE S. POOLE 6 June 1842; (2) CHARLOTTE AMELIA CATHCART 25 Dec. 1853; [*She died on her passage to California 28 Oct. 1857, aged 30 years and was buried at sea.] (3) AMELIA EVERETT in California. Died 2 Apr. 1886 in California, where descendants now live.
601. FRANCIS11 MAYHEW , (Ephraim,10 Benjamin,9-8 John,7 Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), b. abt. 1769; res. C., farmer; rem. to New Sharon, Maine 1792. He became a prominent citizen in his new home and was a leader in military affairs of the town, attaining the rank of Major. He m. SUSANNA SMITH (87) 11 Dec. 1788, who was b. about 1767, and d._____. He d. 1835. They had the following named children:
810. (Child), d.y.
811. (Child), d.y.
812. CLARINDA, b.12 Aug.1791; m. WINBORN A. SWETT.
813. (Child), d.y.
814. DEBORAH, b. 23 June 1795; m. STEPHEN HOWE.
815. EPHRAIM, b.11 Sept. 1797; m. ABIGAIL BULLEN.
816. HENRY, b.1 Nov.1799; m. MARY CUSHING.
817. BENJAMIN, b.10 Dec. 1801; m. SOPHIA SMITH.
818. JEDIDAH, b.18 Out. 1804; m. WINBORN A. SWETT.
819. SUSANNA, b.23 Mch.1806.
820. SARAH, b.18 Out. 1808; m. CORNELIUS SMITH.
630. JOSEPH11 MAYHEW , (Joseph,10 Timothy,9 Simon,8 John,7 Thomas,6-5 Matthew4), b. abt. 1775; res. Falmouth; rem. to Cincinnati, Ohio. He m. MARY COTTLE 23 Oct. 1796, who was b._____. They had the following named children:
850. HANNAH, b. 2 June 1798.
851. ASENATH, b. 27 July 1800.
852. MARY COTTLE, b. 3 Feb. 1803.
853. ANGELINA, b.17 July 1805.
854. REBECCA, b. 3 Aug.1807.
855. EDWIN, b. 6 Mch. 1812.